Buffalo is a member of the animal state and belongs to magnificence mammalia. most varieties of buffaloes can be domesticated and are a source of milk everywhere in the international market. The supply of animal genetic useful resource significantly helps the nations to assess their strengths and potential to harness the character’s present and India is relatively lucky in this concept – including for the buffalo species. India reigns globally in terms of largest buffalo population, big buffalo germplasm range (12 recognized plus 14 awesome populace businesses) and the world famend buffalo breed - Murrah.

Though from time to time known as a buffalo, the yank bison isn't always related to the water buffalo or the African buffalo, which are the handiest genuine buffaloes within the international. the yankee bison is more intently related to cows and goats.

Buffalo saved for dairy production. It's a animal suitable for milk and draught. Buffalo can successfully utilize the roughages and crop by way of-products into excessive exceptional milk appropriate for a extensive range of dairy merchandise inclusive of butter,milk-powder, Mozzarella cheese, khoya, curd, yoghurt, shrikhand, dried ice cream mix, dairy whitener and many others.

Most Important Breeds of Indian Buffaloes are:

1. Murrah: The average milk yield per lactation is 1,500-2,500 kg. The age of first calving is 45-50 months in villages, but in good herds, it is 36-40 months.

2. Bhadawari: The average milk production is 800 to 1,000 kg. The bullocks are reputed as good draft animals with heat tolerance.

3. Jaffarabadi: The average milk yield for this buffalo is approx. 1,000 to 1,200 kg per lactation. These animals are mostly maintained by traditional breeders called Maldharis, who are nomads. The bullocks are heavy and are used for ploughing and carting.

4. Surti: The milk yield ranges between 900 and 1,300 kg per lactation. The bullocks are good for light work.

5. Mehsana: The milk yield is 1,200-1,500 kg per lactation. These buffaloes are good for heavy work, but are rather slow.

6. Nagpuri: The milk yield is 700-1,200 kg per lactation. The age at first calving is 40-50 months ,these buffaloes are good for heavy trotting work, but slow in movement.

7. Nili-Ravi: The milk yield is 1,500-1,850 kg per lactation.

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