-Buffalo are large members of the Bovidae family. There are two types of buffalo: the African or Cape buffalo and the Asian water buffalo. They are dark gray or black animals that look a lot like bulls.
Buffalo are often confused with bison. Early American settlers called bison “buffalo” because the animals are similar in appearance. However, while bison are also bovines (a subfamily of bovids), they are in a different genus from true buffalo.
The water buffalo is the largest bovine. It is 8 to 9 feet (2.4 to 2.7 meters) from head to rump with its tail adding an extra 2 to 3.3 feet (60 to 100 centimeters). They weigh a massive 1,500 to 2,650 lbs. (700 to 1,200 kilograms). The African buffalo is smaller, but they are still quite impressive in size. They are 4.26 to 4.92 feet long (130 to 150 cm) from head to hoof and weigh 935 to 1,910 lbs. (425 to 870 kg).
Male water buffalo have horns that curve backward. These horns can grow to 5 feet (1.5 meters) long. Females also have horns, but they are much smaller.
African buffalo have a democracy. When they are ready to travel, they will stand and turn in the direction they want to go. The majority of “votes” wins and the head female will lead the herd in the winning direction.
African buffalo are very aggressive and have a tendency to attack humans. They are very protective of each other and take care of sick and old members of the herd, shielding them from predators.
– Cows are members of the sub-family ‘Bovinae’ of the family ‘Bovidae’. This family also includes Gazelles, Buffalo, Bison, Antelopes, Sheep and Goats.
Cows are raised for many reasons including: milk, cheese, other dairy products. In older times they were used as work animals to pull carts and to plow fields.
In some countries such as India, cows were classed as sacred animals and were used in religious ceremonies and treated with much respect.
Cows are social animals, and they naturally form large herds. And like people, they will make friends and bond to some herd members, while avoiding others
Cows are red-green colorblind. In a bullfight, its the waving of the cape that attracts the bull not the red color
A cow’s heart beats between 60 and 70 beats per minute
Cows can hear lower and higher frequencies better than humans.
An average dairy cow weighs about 1,200 pounds.
A cows normal body temperature is 101.5°F.
The average cow chews at least 50 times per minute.
The typical cow stands up and sits down about 14 times a day.
An average cow has more than 40,000 jaw movements in a day.
Cows actually do not bite grass; instead they curl their tongue around it.
Cows have almost total 360-degree panoramic vision.
Cows have a single stomach, but four different digestive compartments.
Cows are pregnant for 9 months just like people
A dairy cow can produce 56.7 ltrs. of saliva a day
Cows spend 8 hours per day eating, 8 hours chewing her cud (regurgitated, partially digested food), and 8 hours sleeping
You can lead a cow upstairs, but not downstairs. Cows knees can’t bend properly to walk downstairs.
Cows can’t vomit
The average cow drinks 30 to 50 gallons of water each day
The average cow produces 70 lbs. of milk. That’s 8 gallons per day!
Cows only have teeth on the bottom.
Bulls are much more muscular than cows, with thicker bones, larger feet, a very muscular neck, and a large, bony head with protective ridges over the eyes. These features assist bulls in fighting for domination over a herd, giving the winner superior access to cows for reproduction. The hair is generally shorter on the body, but on the neck and head there is often a “mane” of curlier, wooly hair. Bulls are usually about the same height as cows or a little taller, but because of the additional muscle and bone mass they often weigh far more.
In horned cattle the horns of bulls tend to be thicker and somewhat shorter than those of cows, and in many breeds they curve outwards in a flat arc rather than upwards in a lyre shape. It is not true, as is commonly believed, that bulls have horns and cows do not: the presence of horns depends on the breed, or in horned breeds on whether the horns have been Castrated male cattle are physically similar to females in build and horn shape, although if allowed to reach maturity they may be considerably taller than either bulls or cows, with heavily muscled shoulders .
Bulls become fertile at about seven months of age. Their fertility is closely related to the size of their testicles, and one simple test of fertility is to measure the circumference of the scrotum: a young bull is likely to be fertile once this reaches 28 centimetres (11 in); that of a fully adult bull may be over 40 centimetres (16 in).
Bulls have a fibro-elastic penis. Given the small amount of erectile tissue, there is little enlargement after erection. The penis is quite rigid when non-erect, and becomes even more rigid during erection. Protrusion is not affected much by erection, but more by relaxation of the retractor penis muscle and straightening of the sigmoid flexure. Bulls are occasionally affected by a condition known as “corkscrew, The penis of a mature bull is about 3–4 cm in diameter.