Organic dairy farming promotes the use of crop rotations and cover crops, and encourages balanced host/predator relationships. Organic farming residues and nutrients produced on the farm are recycled back to the soil.
Dairy industries have increased their presence in the organic farm. Organic dairy farmers must focus on providing quality forages to their livestock in order to be successful dairy farmers. It is pasture during the grazing season or stored forages for winter months. Quality of these feed determines what other feeds to their cows. Milk is the top agricultural commodity in monetary value in India. Dairy farm have increasing milk processing capacity and putting pressure on dairy farmers to increase their production and also use of high yield dairy breeds and also a considerable input of feed grain that are known to rapidly increase productivity. Quality of milk products provide a nutritional base that maintain our digestive function, improves animal health and provides nutrients to the cow in a cost effective manner.
Quality forages provide a nutritional base that maintains digestive function, improves cattle health, and provides nutrients to the cattle in a cost effective manner. Quality forages reduce the amount of purchased concentrates dairy producers need to buy to meet their production goals from their cattle.
Organic system, forage provides 60 to 95 percent of the feed required by the dairy cattle. Depending on the intensity of the organic system prior to conversion forage yields and stocking density typically decline by 10 to 20 percent when a farm is first converted to organic farm. Millions of farmers worldwide tend approximately 270 million dairy cattle to produce milk. Milk production impacts the environment in various ways, and the scale of these impacts depends on the practices of the dairy farmers and feed growers of cattle.
Dairy cattle and their manure produce greenhouse gas emissions which contribute to climate change. Poor handling of manure and fertilizers can degrade through local harvest water resources according to climate changes . And unsustainable dairy farming and feed production can lead to the loss of ecologically important areas, such as prairies, wetlands, and forests.
Grass feeding is a practice not yet familiar to all consumers. 100 percent of grass-fed cow’s milk comes from cows who have grazed in pasture year-round rather than being fed a processed diet for much of their life. Most of the dairy animals are milked two to three times per day. On the average of, a cow will produce six to seven gallons of milk each per day.
The dairy farming industry is waiting the fine print of the proposed Rs 8,000 crore dairy processing in India and infrastructure development fund to be set up under the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD). Arun Jaitley said in his budget speech- with an initial corpus of Rs 2,000 crore and to be quadrupled in three years would be used to enable expansion of milk processing capacity in India. An average dairy with two lakh litres per day milk processing capacity would require an investment of about Rs 35 crore.