Sustainable development is about conducting our business to promote economic growth, a healthy environment and vibrant communities, now and into the future. Our comprehensive approach to sustainability reporting includes details on our approach, commitments, performance insights and quantitative results.
The philosophical and analytic framework of sustainability draws on and connects with many different disciplines and fields.“Polluter pays”: Those who generate pollution or whose actions otherwise degrade the environment must bear their share of the cost of measures to prevent, reduce, control and mitigate environmental damage.
“Internalization of costs”: The value of goods and services must reflect all the costs they generate for society during their whole life cycle, from their design to their final consumption and their disposal.
Sustainability is studied and managed over many scales (levels or frames of reference) of time and space and in many contexts of environmental, social and economic organization.The sheer size and complexity of the planetary ecosystem has proved problematic for the design of practical measures to reach global sustainability.
A major driver of human impact on Earth systems is the destruction of biophysical resources, and especially, the Earth’s ecosystems.whether or not those resources are renewable, and the scale of the human activity relative to the carrying capacity of the ecosystems involved. Careful and usefully resource management can be applied at many scales, from economic sectors like agriculture in India.
Impact per unit of resource use (which is termed “technology”, because this impact depends on the technology used principal.Some of the best known and most widely used sustainability measures include corporate sustainability reporting.Sustainability measurement is a term that denotes the measurements used as the quantitative basis for the informed management of sustainability.
According to the 2008 Revision of the official United Nations population estimates and projections, the world population is projected to reach 7 billion early in 2012, up from the current 6.9 billion.but for a projected net migration from developing to developed countries, which is expected to average 2.4 million persons annually from 2009 to 2050. Long-term estimates in 2004 of global population suggest a peak at around 2070 of nine to ten billion people, and then a slow decrease to 8.4 billion by 2100.
The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment is an international synthesis by over 1000 of the world’s leading biological scientists that analyzes the state of the Earth’s ecosystems and provides summaries and guidelines for decision-makers.The assessment measures 24 ecosystem services concluding that only four have shown improvement over the last 50 years, 15 are in serious decline, and five are in a precarious condition development.
There are two major ways of reducing negative human impact and enhancing ecosystem services and the first of these is environmental management. This direct approach is based largely on information gained from earth science.Management of human consumption of resources is an indirect approach based largely on information gained from economics.
Human management.The Official Agenda for Sustainable Development adopted on 25 September 2015 has 92 paragraphs, with the main paragraph (51) outlining the 17 Sustainable Development Goals and its associated 169 targets.